Tours are organized in Cappadocia, which hosts thousands of local and foreign tourists a year. The purpose of these tours is to ensure that you do not fall behind the most entertaining activities in the region. Apart from this, tours that reveal all the natural beauties of Cappadocia are also organized. But among all these tours, the most valuable ones are the tours that allow you to see historical places. This is how you can explore the churches, chapels, and monasteries carved into the rocks in Cappadocia. When we leave all these aside, the most impressive historical places are the underground cities. For this reason, we will provide you with a tour of the most important underground city of Cappadocia with the Ozkonak Underground City Tour.
Cappadocia region, which is adorned with valleys and historical beauties that you should visit, is one of the rare places that hides a treasure at every step. In the sky, with the hot air balloons that have become the ornament of Cappadocia, it provides a feast for your eyes, so to speak. The Fairy Chimneys, which impress everyone, also add a different beauty to Cappadocia. With its 60 million years of formation and thousands of years of history, it has managed to become one of the favorite places of domestic and foreign tourists.
There are many underground cities in the Cappadocia region. These underground cities, which impress you as soon as you visit and see them, have survived from the most important places in history and reached the present day. Thousands of years ago, even though there was nothing about technology yet, you will think with your mouth open, how they built the underground cities in question. Underground cities are perhaps the most important historical structures of the Cappadocia region.
In our tour, we will show you Ozkonak Underground City, one of the most important underground cities in the Cappadocia region. On this tour, which you will join with our private guides, you will learn the most important information of that period and experience one of the most enjoyable tours.
What is Ozkonak Underground City Tour Included?
Ozkonak Underground City Entrance
We aim for you to collect the best memories during our tour and to get the highest efficiency from our tour. For this reason, we have included different services in the Ozkonak Underground City Tour. Your positive thoughts and valuable comments about our tour are very valuable to us. So what are the services included in this tour?
Let’s start with the hotel transfer first. We will pick you up from your hotel and take you to the place where our tour will take place by private vehicle. Apart from that, we will also drop you off at your hotel at the end of the tour.
Ozkonak Underground City Tour
One of our other services included in the tour will be a private guide. We will provide you with a private guide. Our aforementioned guide will tell you about this underground city in detail and will allow you to go on a deep journey in history. You will also be able to ask your guide any questions you want to ask about this place. As in group tours, you will not have to worry about trying to hear the guide among the crowd, and you will be able to listen to the information that our guide conveys to you with comfort and happiness.
Another service included in our tour will be the entrance to the underground city. As you know, since these places are historical places and museums, you will be asked for a fee at the entrance. But if you participate in one of the underground city tours we organize, you will not have such a problem. You can enter Ozkonak Underground City without paying any extra money.
Since the price information of our tour varies, it is not possible to give a clear price. But instead, we can inform you about the entrance fees of the underground city in question. The entrance fee of Ozkonak Underground City, one of the most important and valuable underground cities of Cappadocia, has been determined as 30 TL. Apart from that, you can also see some changes in prices. For example, entry to the underground city is free for all students aged 18 and under. Likewise, the same is true for teachers. Teachers can also enter here for free. You can also enter with a museum card. Ozkonak Underground City, which you can visit completely free of charge with Museum Pass, promises you the most special and beautiful things about history.
The Ozkonak Underground City Tour Time Information
When we come to the hours when our tour is organized, it would be useful to add some information. Ozkonak Underground City is open to visitors between 08:00 and 17:00 in the morning. However, the closing time we mentioned is valid for visitors who arrive earlier. In other words, you have to buy your ticket from the box office to enter here. But the box office closes at 4:15 p.m. If you bought the ticket before this time, we can say that you are lucky. The full closing takes place at 17:00. Therefore, our Ozkonak Underground City Tour hours are organized between 08:00 and 17:00.
What is Underground City?
To put it briefly, underground cities are living spaces meters below the ground built by people who lived thousands of years ago. People built underground cities to protect themselves from dangers and to escape from wars. The underground cities in Cappadocia are one of the most striking places in the region. Many of the tourists visiting the Cappadocia region especially visit the underground cities. Although some of the underground cities in question are not open to visitors, for now, most of them are open to visitors.
Ozkonak Underground CityHistory
According to estimates, this underground city is thought to have been built around 400 BC. There is no clear information on this subject. Due to the carving structure of Cappadocia, people have built underground cities there. It is also a place where food can be stored because it does not contain moisture. According to some archaeologists, Ozkonak Underground City was one of the locations of the local principalities of the federations consisting of 24 principalities named Table during the Late Hittite period.
After a while, the Persian and Hellenistic periods joined the Roman Empire. At the same time, the temple of Zeus belonging to approximately three thousand members of the Hellenistic period is located here. According to what is known, the first Christians settled in Ozkonak to get rid of the pressure of Byzantium, which occupied this region. In this way, they built underground cities under the leadership of St. Basil in order to escape from persecution.
Inner Part of Underground City
When we enter Ozkonak Underground City, we are greeted by many things just like other underground cities. There are bolt stones, air chimneys, wineries, and water wells. But there is something that sets this underground city apart from the rest. There are long and narrow holes made for communication purposes, which are not found in other underground cities. Another important feature is the presence of hunting holes in the bolt stones, which are used to close the entrance tunnels. The purpose of these holes is to shoot arrows at the enemy soldier or to pour hot oil. Likewise, there are no similar defensive measures in other underground cities.
According to another rumor, all the houses in the surrounding villages were connected to this underground city. However, over time, the tunnels in question remained under the ground due to flooding and were closed. Although Ozkonak Underground City opened its doors to visitors in 1972, it still has not been completely cleaned.
The first floor of Ozkonak Underground City
When we look at this four-floor underground city, it is possible to see that it was built like an apartment. The stables welcome us on the first or ground floor. These barns are also carved in such a way that animals can easily enter. At the same time, you will also see mechanisms carved into the wall to tie the ropes here.
Second and Third Floor of Ozkonak Underground City
As we move towards the lower floors of Ozkonak Underground City, you will notice that the spaces are divided into flats. They divided the four large halls into ten small rooms. Some of the rooms in question were used for hiding purposes, while others were used as cellars. There are some of the rooms here are called nuclear family and extended family rooms. Some of the rooms also have alcoves. Some call these cavities baby beds. You will see the bolt stones made to control the entrances on each floor and in the spaces inside the floors. These bolt stones also have hunting holes.
Apart from all these, there are three ventilation, four graves, and eight wells. Apart from all these, there are also water and wine tanks. Ozkonak Underground City is spread over a very large area. It is approximately 10 kilometers between its entrance and exit.
The fourth floor of Ozkonak Underground City
When we come to the fourth floor of Ozkonak Underground City, you will see a narrow tunnel that only one person can pass through. It is one of the most interesting floors of the underground city. The reason is that it was built to be used as a prison at the time.
Ozkonak Underground City will increase your interest in this and other underground cities when you visit. You will complete your tour with questions that may be stuck in your mind while you are traveling, and some of them will remain unanswered. As we said before, you’ll wonder how people who lived thousands of years ago built these places when they were so far away from technology. These underground cities are as mysterious and difficult to solve as the Egyptian Pyramids.
Where is Ozkonak Underground City?
The city in question is located approximately 14 kilometers from Avanos. It is located in the town of Ozkonak. This takes its name from here. It was also built in an area where we can notice wide volcanic tuff layers with granite texture on the northern slopes of İdis Mountain.
Other Underground Cities,Derinkuyu Underground City
It is the largest underground city in the Cappadocia region. The said place has a depth of about 85 meters. The place, which accepted visitors in 1967, was found by chance in 1963.
This underground city, where people could live for a long time without leaving, was protected by various traps. At the same time, the entrance was made in such a way that it would not be noticed. According to estimates, it consists of 12 or 13 floors. Derinkuyu Underground City contains monasteries and churches, wineries, toilets, meeting rooms, water wells, supply warehouses, and ventilation shafts. It is the most famous and most visited underground city in the Cappadocia region.
The underground city, which is estimated to have been built during the Hittite period, is thought to have been built around 3000 BC. It has large sliding stones and consists of eight floors. In addition to having a capacity of five thousand people, the city also houses wineries.
When you start your tour on the first floor, you will encounter the stables. Just like in other underground cities, there are stables here too. As we continue our journey towards the second floor, you will see a cemetery, baptismal stones, and churches. On the third floor, some warehouses are useful for storing products such as flour and wheat. Apart from this, there are also dining areas, wineries, and wine cellars. On the last floor of Kaymaklı Underground City, there is a narrow tunnel that we can see in Ozkonak Underground City. Apart from all these, there is also a food warehouse, kitchen, and tandoor. Kaymaklı Underground City has hosted many civilizations such as the Hittites, Phrygians, and Assyrians.
Gaziemir Underground City
This is an underground city that is different from other underground cities. The difference is that it was not built for protection like other underground cities, but accommodation purposes. Gaziemir Underground City, which was founded in 2006, has a history until the Hittites period, but it was used most intensively during the Byzantine period.
It is different from other underground cities in terms of structure. There are no narrow and deep tunnels seen in others. It has a watchtower and the entrance is quite comfortable. There is a huge winery inside, as well as wine jars used to store the wines made in this winery.
In addition, there are two churches, hearths, baths, tandoors, kitchen, food warehouses, and resting areas in the form of rooms.
Tatlarin Underground City
It opened its doors to visitors in 1991. But the date of its discovery dates back to 1975. It has seen many empires and civilizations such as the Hittites, Phrygians, Byzantines, Seljuks, and Ottomans. Although it is not clear how many floors there are, for now, the number of floors to visit is limited to two.
You can enter this underground city through a tunnel about 15 meters long. Because the main entrance of Tatlarin Underground City was destroyed. Therefore, entrance to the underground city is provided from a different place. There is also a keystone at the entrance of the tunnel. Right after that, there is a huge hall for us. The object called a lock or bolt stone is a very important precaution against future dangers or enemy attacks.
Opening only from the inside, this door is set to close in times of danger or enemy attacks. Three skeletons were found inside the niche in the hall at the entrance of Tatlarin Underground City. Based on this, this area was used as a dungeon or the place where the dead were buried in the Roman period. However, this niche was later deepened and given the shape of a supply pit. For this reason, it is also speculated that this place was used as a kitchen or cellar in the Byzantine period. In this hall, there are ventilations that we encounter in all other underground cities. On the other side is a narrow tunnel, which leads to another room.
When we enter the second part of Tatlarin Underground City, a barn welcomes us. There are five barns on the barn floor. And thanks to these warehouses, the barn was originally built for the purpose of a food warehouse. The reason why this barn is very close to the ground floor is for the animals to be evacuated easily in case of any danger.
Mazı Underground City
When we travel to the Hellenistic period, we come across Mazı Underground City. The history of these tombs and churches goes back to 2000 years ago. Phrygia has hosted many civilizations until the Lydian and Byzantine periods. According to a rumor, the name of the underground city is derived from the word “Mazda”. It means “Ancient City”.
4 different entrances are used to enter Mazı Underground City, which consists of 8 floors.
There are stables on the ground floor of the city. Livestock was the main source of livelihood in an estimated 6,000 inhabitants.
There are also places with storage, a cellar, a sitting area, and a bathroom.
Sivasa Gokcetoprak Underground City
This underground city, which is estimated to consist of two floors, has some rectangular sections that are not properly carved on the ground. There are also narrow and long corridors built to connect the spaces that we encounter in other underground cities. It has not been completely cleaned. But a water well was also found here. You can also see that there is still water in this well.
Ozluce Underground City
It takes its name from the village of Ozluce, where it is located. The biggest difference from other underground cities is that the number of floors is only one. Ozluce Underground City is closed to visitors as there is a risk of dents and it has not been completely cleaned.
There are food stores and seating areas at the entrance. At the same time, the rooms here are made in the style of cells. The floors of these rooms are also connected to very long and compressed galleries.